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Spoon-billed sandpiper

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Dec 17, 2021

The spoon-billed sandpiper (Calidris pygmaea) is a small wader which breeds in northeastern Russia and winters in Southeast Asia. This species is highly threatened, and it is said that since the 1970s the breeding population has decreased significantly. By 2000, the estimated breeding population of the species was 350–500.

Species of bird

Spoon-billed sandpiper
non-breeding
breeding
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Charadriiformes
Family: Scolopacidae
Genus: Calidris
Species:
C. pygmaea
Binomial name
Calidris pygmaea

Synonyms
  • Platalea pygmeaLinnaeus, 1758
  • Eurynorhynchus pygmeus(Linnaeus, 1758)

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Platalea pygmea was the scientific name proposed by Carl Linnaeus in 1758.[2] It was moved to Eurynorhynchus by Sven Nilsson in 1821.[3] It is now classified under the calidrid sandpipers.[4][1]

Head

The most distinctive feature of this species is its spatulatebill. The breeding adult bird is 14–16 cm in length, and has a red-brown head, neck and breast with dark brown streaks. It has blackish upperparts with buff and pale rufous fringing. Non-breeding adults lack the reddish colouration, but have pale brownish-grey upperparts with whitish fringing to the wing-coverts. The underparts are white and the legs are black.[5]

Bill from the side and above

The measurements are; wing 98–106 mm, bill 19–24 mm, bill tip breadth 10–12 mm, tarsus 19–22 mm and tail 37–39 mm.[6]

The contact calls of the spoon-billed sandpiper include a quiet preep or a shrill wheer. The song, given during display, is an intermittent buzzing and descending trill preer-prr-prr. The display flight of the male includes brief hovers, circling and rapid diving while singing.

. . . Spoon-billed sandpiper . . .

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