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Vauquelinia californica


Dec 16, 2021

Vauquelinia californica, commonly known as Arizona rosewood, is an evergreenspecies of shrub or tree, in the rose family, Rosaceae.[1]

Species of tree

Vauquelinia californica
Close-up, inflorescence
Foliage and flowers
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Vauquelinia
V. californica
Binomial name
Vauquelinia californica

Distribution range

The dark brown wood streaked with red, and is hard and very heavy, a beautiful ‘rosewood.’ It has dense white blossoms in early Spring.

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The plant is native to the Southwestern United States in Arizona and southwestern New Mexico in Madrean Sky Islands habitats,[2] the Peninsular Ranges in Baja California[3] and northern Baja California Sur,[4] and Sonora in Northwestern Mexico.

From pollen core data, a portion of the prehistoric distribution of Vauquelinia californica has been mapped. For example, in the Late Wisconsin period, this species occurred at lower elevations within the Waterman Mountains in southern Arizona than currently found.[5]

Vauquelinia californica is cultivated as an ornamental plant. It is used as a drought-tolerant shrub, hedge, or small tree.[6] When trained as a single trunked tree, growth can be to 15 feet (4.6 m) in height.[7]

  1. NPIN: Vauquelinia californica (Arizona rosewood)
  2. Vauquelinia. BONAP’s North American Plant Atlas. The Biota of North America Program. 2011-01-28. Archived from the original on 2013-06-28. Retrieved 2013-07-31.
  3. Felger, Richard Stephen; Johnson, Matthew Brian; Wilson, Michael Francis (2001). The trees of Sonora, Mexico. Oxford University Press. p. 279. ISBN 0-19-512891-5.
  4. Little Jr., Elbert L. (1976). “Map 197, Vauquelinia californica. Atlas of United States Trees. 3 (Minor Western Hardwoods). US Government Printing Office. LCCN 79-653298. OCLC 4053799.
  5. Hogan, C. Michael. “Elephant Tree: Bursera microphylla. GlobalTwitcher. Archived from the original on 2013-12-13. Retrieved 2013-07-31.
  6. Xeriscape-today.com: Vauquelinia californica
  7. “Arid Zone Trees: Vauquelinia californica. Archived from the original on 2014-07-15. Retrieved 2014-07-15.

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. . . Vauquelinia californica . . .