Parents with disabilities are people with certain disorders (mental, physical, or other types) who are raising young children or being care for by their young children.
Disability brings various problems to the parents themselves, their children and the whole family. Researchers have studying the effects and issues raised by disabled parents. Aiming at helping parents with disabilities, organizations and governments have delivered relevant strategies to provide support.
The term ‘disability’ states the existence of one or more restrictions either in any core activities including self-care, mobility and communication, or in employment. And the presence of the specific restrictions needs to be highly possible to last or has been lasted for 6 months or longer to be considered as disability.
Disability includes a range of distinctive disorders varying in type of condition and degree of severity. There are considerable issues which varies depending on families’ life stage and types of impairment challenging the families with disabled parents.
Physical disability is the relatively more commonly occurring one. The data states that among the children living with a disabled parent, 91% of them have a physically disabled parent while 11% have a parent with mental or behavioral disabilities.
“Physical condition includes cancers, endocrine diseases, diseases of the nervous system, eye, ear, circulatory system, respiratory system, digestive system and musculoskeletal system, congenital disorders, injuries and other physical conditions. ” For a long time, large number of research of physically disabled parents is based on negative hypothesis and recommended conclusions. The parents with physical or sensory disabilities also bear misinterpretation of their parenting abilities, which brings significant hurdle when they attempt to build and maintain families.
Deaf parents face communication barrier which lead to the limitation in participating in social network. Visually impaired parents face difficulties in insuring the safe environment surrounding both their children and themselves, as well as the restriction in capable activities for them to take part in with their children.