The Emirates Nuclear Energy Corporation (ENEC, مؤسسة الإمارات للطاقة النووية) is the entity responsible for the deployment and ownership of nuclear energy plants in the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
ENEC was established by decree in December 2009 by the UAE President Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, to address the country’s growing demand for electricity while diversifying the nation’s energy supply and delivering greater energy security.
The organization is constructing the country’s first nuclear energy reactors in Barakah, in the Western Region of Abu Dhabi, and by 2020, the site will be home to four APR-1400 nuclear energy plants. Unit 1 is scheduled to enter commercial operations in 2020, with one additional reactor coming online each year until 2020 – pending regulatory approvals.
Construction for Unit 1 began in July 2012 following the first pouring of nuclear safety concrete, and for Unit 2 in May 2013, in line with the approved Construction License from ENEC’s national regulator the Federal Authority of Nuclear Regulation (FANR)  and a No Objection Certificate from Abu Dhabi’s environmental regulator, the Environment Agency Abu Dhabi (EAD).
Major milestones in the development of the program so far include the completion and installation of the Containment Liner Plate (CLP) in the Unit 1 Reactor Containment Building (RCB) in November 2013; the installation of the Unit 1 Condenser in February 2014; and the setting of the nation’s first nuclear energy Reactor Vessel (RV) in May 2014.
In September 2014, ENEC also celebrated the pouring of the first safety concrete for the Reactor Containment Building (RCB) for Unit 3. This milestone followed the receipt of the Construction License for Units 3 & 4 from FANR earlier that month.
In April 2014, ENEC inaugurated its Simulator Training Centre (STC) at Barakah, which houses two simulators identical to the plant’s main control room. The STC uses advanced technology to replicate control room conditions in real time, in order to prepare ENEC operators for the start of commercial operations.
In 2016, Nawah Energy Company (Nawah), was established as a subsidiary of ENEC to operate and maintain Units 1 to 4 at the Barakah Nuclear Power Plant. 
On 16 February 2020, Nawah Energy Company received its operating license from the Federal Authority of Nuclear Regulation making the UAE the first country in the Arab region to operate a nuclear power plant.
The organization is led by its Chief Executive Officer, Mohamed Al Hammadi, under a Board of Directors consisting of leading UAE executives and international energy experts.
ENEC’s activities are carried out in accordance with the UAE Policy on Nuclear Energy. The policy outlines the UAE’s approach to the development of nuclear energy in the UAE, and includes a series of commitments such as the decision to forgo domestic enrichment and the reprocessing of nuclear fuel.
ENEC is regulated by the Federal Authority for Nuclear Regulation (FANR), an independent federal agency charged with the regulation and licensing of all nuclear energy activities in the UAE, with public safety as its primary objective.
In addition, ENEC is also regulated by the Environment Agency Abu Dhabi, to ensure the long-term sustainability of Abu Dhabi’s local and marine environment throughout all phases of construction and operations.
ENEC receives guidance from a network of organizations including the UAE International Advisory Board, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO), and the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO).
On December 29, 2009, ENEC selected the Korea Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO) to design, build and help operate its four nuclear energy plants. The overnight value of the Prime Contract is approximately US$20 billion.
The contract includes substantial knowledge-transfer in human resource development, technical training and education programs, to support ENEC as it builds the capacity to staff the country’s nuclear energy industry.
ENEC has selected KEPCO’s APR-1400 design, a Generation III+, 1,400 Megawatt Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR), for its future nuclear fleet. The plants are designed to withstand extreme events including tsunami, earthquake and station black-out, and have also been adapted to suit the UAE’s unique climate and conform to specific FANR requirements.
KEPCO currently has the world’s first two APR-1400 reactors under construction at the Shin-Kori site in South Korea, and these two plants serve as the reference models for the four plants underway in the UAE.