Maksim Isaakovich Dunayevsky (Russian: Макси́м Исаа́кович Дунае́вский, born 15 January 1945 in Moscow) is a Soviet and Russiancomposer. People’s Artist of Russia (2006). He is the artistic director and chairman of the artistic council of the Moscow Regional Philharmonic since 2015.
Maksim Dunayevsky was born on 15 January 1945 in Moscow.
He is the son of the composer Isaak Dunayevsky and the ballerina of the Alexandrov Ensemble and the Moscow Operetta Theater Zoya Ivanovna Pashkova (1922-1994), born out of wedlock. Maksim’s elder brother on the father’s side, Eugene (1932-2000) was an artist. Maksim received his father’s surname only at the age of 16 when he received a passport. Before that, he bore his mother’s surname Pashkov. When Maksim was 10 years old, his father died. The question arose about the inheritance. Thanks to the petition of famous composers and a special decision of the Soviet state and party authorities, he was officially recognized as the legal heir, along with his mother, as well as the only official wife of Isaac Dunayevsky ZA Sudeikina and their eldest son Yevgeny.
In 1965 he graduated from the theoretical and composer department of the music school at the Moscow State Conservatory.
In 1970 he graduated from the theoretical and composer department of the Conservatory, class of composition. Nikolai Rakov, Dmitry Kabalevsky, Andrei Eshpai, Tikhon Khrennikov and Alfred Schnittke were his teachers.
Maksim Dunayevsky could become a composer writing academic music. But his fate was determined by a meeting with the studio “Our House” as part of the student theater of Moscow State University, which was directed by Mark Rozovsky, Ilya Rutberg and Albert Axelrod. Dunayevsky was the studio’s music director from August 1964 until it closed in 1969.
From 1969 to 1974, Dunayevsky was the conductor of the Vakhtangov Theater. In 1974-1975, he was the chief conductor and music director of the Moscow music hall, in 1985-1987 he was the Artistic Director and Chief Conductor of the State Pop Orchestra of the RSFSR (he attracted such people as Pavel Smeyan, Irina Ponarovskaya, Boris Oppenheim, Weiland Rodd, Andrey Davidyan and musicians of the rock group SV), and in 1987, a musical director of the Theater-Studio of Musical Drama (artistic director Yuri Sherling).
Along with symphonic, chamber and vocal works, Maksim Dunayevsky began to write music for the theater, and later for cinema and stage. For Mark Rozovsky’s performance at the Youth Theater, he wrote many songs in 1974, which were later included in the television movie “D’Artagnan and Three Musketeers” (1978, Rozovsky was the scriptwriter).
Maksim Dunayevsky organized his own pop ensemble, which also played rock, called “Festival” (1977-1990), he collaborated as a songwriter with such poets as Leonid Derbenyov, Naum Olev, Yuri Ryashentsev, Ilya Reznik, Robert Rozhdestvensky, Yuri Entin, and Nikolai Denisov. The songs of Maksim Dunayevsky are an integral part of the work of Mikhail Boyarsky, Zhanna Rozhdestvenskaya, Nikolai Karachentsov, Pavel Smeyan, Dmitry Kharatyan, Lyubov Uspenskaya, Masha Rasputina, Igor Nadzhiev, Tatiana Bulanova and other performers. Among his works are a concert for piano and orchestra. In 1970, he wrote a cantata for choir a cappella “Old Ships” (poems by A. Lundquist, 1970), works for chamber and instrumental ensembles, sonatas, cycles of romances, choirs.
Since 2015, he is the artistic director and chairman of the Artistic Council of the Moscow Regional Philharmonic.