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Locko Preceptory

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Dec 15, 2021

Locko Preceptory was a Preceptory (with an attached leper hospital) of the Military and Hospitaller Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem, situated just over a mile north of Spondon, Derbyshire; the site is today part of the Locko Park estate. It is the only recorded Lazarite Preceptory in England.[1]

Locko Preceptory

Coat of Arms of the Order of Saint Lazarus

Location within Derbyshire
Monastery information
Other names Domus de la Maudeleyne de Lokhay in com. Derb. Ordinis militie Sci. Lazari Jerusalem
Order Military and Hospitaller Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem
Established Land gifted 1090
Preceptory constructed before 1266
Disestablished Ceased to operate after around 1453
Formally dissolved in the 1540s
Dedicated to Mary Magdalene
Controlled churches Spondon
Site
Location Just over a mile North of Spondon, Derbyshire, England, United Kingdom
Coordinates

52.9395°N 1.3925°W / 52.9395; -1.3925

Visible remains None
Public access Site part of Locko Park: Private Property

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In 1080, William de Ferrers, 3rd Earl of Derby granted the church of Spondon to the Leper Hospital and Brethren of St. Lazarus, at Burton Lazars in Leicestershire; This grant was later confirmed by both King Henry II and by King John.[1]

Before the end of the reign of King Henry III (1216–1272), the Hospital and Brethren acquired a great deal of land in both Spondon and the surrounding hamlets of Borrowash, Chaddesden and Locko.[1] The Hundred Rolls of 1274 value the land at Spondon at £10, land at Borrowash at 100s., and reveal the hospital owned 40 acres of land at Locko.[1] By 1291, the brethren of the hospital held the manors at Spondon and Locko, which were given a joint value of £5 6s. 10d., in the Taxation Roll of that year.[1] These estates included land and a windmill and the manors came with responsibility of operating the local court.[2] The Taxatio Ecclesiastica of 1291–92 gave the preceptory an annual “real income” of around £77 7s., around a third of which would have been expected to have been given in tribute to the Order’s mother-house and Grand Master who, at this time, resided in France.[2]

The Preceptory was constructed at some-point between 1080 and 1266, but the exact point of construction is unclear.

Following the capture of Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby in 1266, following his rebellion against King Henry III, de Ferrers’ lands and estates were confiscated; the associated from 1266 documents reveal there was a preceptory and leper hospital of the Order of St Lazarus at Locko, dedicated to St Mary Magdalene.[1] The name itself, “Locko”, is derived from the French Loques, signifying “rags” (bandages), which were used in the hospital on the site.[3]

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