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List of archaeological sites in Mexico City

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Dec 15, 2021

This is a list of the preserved Pre-Columbian-era archaeological sites in Mexico City, the capital of Mexico.[1]

Wikipedia list article
The sixteen municipalities (Alcaldías) of Mexico City proper.

This list does not include objects or constructions preserved in museums of the city.

Neither, this list does not include the Greater Mexico City pre-columbian archaeological sites outside Mexico City; only include within the 16 municipalities of Mexico City proper.

They are protected real estates that are heritage of the nation, and are declared as such in the Public Register of Monuments and Archaeological Zones of the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (INAH), in accordance with the Federal law on monuments and archaeological, artistic and historical zones of Mexico.

Buildings in the areas of the Historic center of Mexico City, Xochimilco and Central University City Campus of the UNAM are World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.

The list is ordered by their foundation or groundbreaking date.

Name Image Note Built Source Location ID
Archaeological site of Mixcoac It was a settlement of the city-state of Coyohuacan (Tepanecs) and after was shortly occupied by the Mexicas (Aztecs) 900 BC-1521 [2]

Location within Mexican Federal District
General information
Location San Pedro de los Pinos, corner of San Antonio avenue and Periférico
Coordinates

19°13′51.96″N99°6′44.64″W

Cuicuilco It was the one of oldest cities in the Valley of Mexico. It was a city-state 800 BC-400 BC [3]

Location within Mexican Federal District
General information
Location Tlalpan
Coordinates 19°18′6″N99°10′54″W
ZA45
Archaeological site of Cerro de la Estrella Village related to Cuicuilco culture and a very important ritual ceremony was performed here 200 BC [4]

Location within Mexico City
General information
Location Cerro de la Estrella, Iztapalapa
Coordinates 19°20′37″N99°5′24″W
ZA44
Copilco It was an important ceremonial center of the Chichimecas, Tepanecas and Cuicuilcas 500 [5]

Location within Mexico City
General information
Location west side of Coyoacán
Coordinates 19°20′8″N99°10′36″W
Cuahilama It was a ceremonial center of several cultures 1200-1500 [6]

Location within Mexican Federal District
General information
Location south east of Santa Cruz Acalpixca, Cuahilama
Coordinates 19°14′30″N99°4′15″W
Templo Mayor It was the main temple of Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire 1325-1487 [7]

Location within Mexico City
General information
Location Plaza del Zócalo, Center
Coordinates 19°26′6″N99°7′53″W
ZA43
Archaeological site of Tlatelolco It are the remains of the city-state of Tlatelolco (an Aztec state) 1338 [8]

Location within Mexico City
General information
Location Plaza de las Tres Culturas, Tlatelolco, Center
Coordinates 19°27′3.9″N99°08′15″W
ZA42
Baths of Chapultepec Pre-columbian and Spanish colonial baths 14th century [9]

Location within Mexico City
General information
Location Forest of Chapultepec, Chapultepec
Coordinates 19°25′20.9″N99°10′4.93″W
00124
Ticomán It was a settlement of the Otomis [10]
General information
Location north of the Sierra de Guadalupe, Mexico City

. . . List of archaeological sites in Mexico City . . .

  • Teotihuacan, 40 kilometres (25 mi) northeast of Mexico City.
  1. Article 28 of the federal law on Monuments and archaeological, artistic and historical zones of Mexico
  2. Yanireth Israde (24 August 2019). “Abren zona arqueológica de Mixcoac”. Reforma (in Spanish). Mexico City.
  3. Pastrana, Alejandro; Fournier, Patricia (July–August 1997). “CUICUILCO DESDE CUICUILCO”[Cuicuilco from Cuicuilco] (in Spanish). Actualidades arqueológicas. Archived from the original on 2010-01-13.
  4. Gobierno de la Delegación Iztapalapa. “Cerro de la Estrella”. Archived from the original on 17 October 2014.
  5. “Hechos históricos relevantes”[Relevant historical facts] (in Spanish). INEGI. Archived from the original on 2011-07-22.
  6. “Pueblos indigenas de México y agua:Xochimilcas”(PDF). UNESCO office in Montevideo (in Spanish).
  7. Lourdes Cue, ed. (14 January 1998). “Model of the ceremonial precinct of Mexico-Tenochtitlan”. Archived from the original on 9 December 2008. Retrieved 9 November 2008.
  8. Francisco González Rul (1993). Tlatelolco, ciudad hermana de Tenochtitlan. Mexico: Secretary of Foreign Affairs. pp. 9 to 19. ISBN 968-810-286-5.
  9. “Baños de Moctezuma”, Chapultepec website, archived from the original on 2011-08-09
  10. Hernández Reyes, Carlos (1995). “El Preclásico superior en Hidalgo y una hipótesis sobre la cerámica otomí temprana y la coyotlatelco”. En Nava L., Fernando (comp.), Otopames. Memoria de primer coloquio. Querétaro: University City: IIA-UNAM.
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. . . List of archaeological sites in Mexico City . . .

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. . . List of archaeological sites in Mexico City . . .