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Legazpi, Albay


Dec 15, 2021

Legazpi, officially the City of Legazpi (Central Bikol: Syudad nin Legazpi; Tagalog: Lungsod ng Legazpi), formerly Legaspi City, is a 1st class Component city and capital of the province of Albay, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 209,533.[9] Legazpi is the regional center and largest city of the Bicol Region, in terms of population.[11][12] It is the region’s center of tourism, education, health services, commerce[13] and transportation[4] in the Bicol Region.

city in Bicol Region, Philippines
Component city in Bicol Region, Philippines
Legaspi City
City of Legazpi

Clockwise from top right: JCI Legazpi Tourism Marker, View from The Oriental Legazpi, Cathedral of St. Gregory the Great, Battle of Legazpi Monument, Legazpi City Hall, Zip-line at Ligñon Hill, Legazpi Airport



Queen City of Southern Luzon[1][2] City of Fun and Adventure[3]
Gateway of Southern Luzon[4]
Gateway City of Bicol[5]
Anthem: Legazpi Ngonyan[6]

Map of Albay with Legazpi highlighted

Location within the Philippines


Country Philippines
Region Bicol Region
Province Albay
District 2nd district
Founded 1616
Cityhood June 12, 1959
Barangays 70 (see Barangays)

  Type Sangguniang Panlungsod
  Mayor Noel E. Rosal
  Vice Mayor Oscar Robert H. Cristobal
  Representative Jose Ma. Clemente “Joey” S. Salceda
  City Council
  • Vicente F. Baltazar III
  • Lilibeth M. Dimaculangan
  • Ismael B. Buban III
  • Jose Alfonso V. Barizo
  • Jose Gregorio R. Ojano
  • Jaime R. Andes
  • Lilian R. Ramirez
  • Diego E. Obido
  • Gregorio Fernand M. Imperial
  • Alex J. Sy
  Electorate 124,960 voters (2019)

  Total 153.70 km2 (59.34 sq mi)

149 m (489 ft)
Highest elevation

2,444 m (8,018 ft)
Lowest elevation

0 m (0 ft)

 (2020 census)[9]
  Total 209,533
  Density 1,400/km2 (3,500/sq mi)

Demonym(s) Legazpeños (masculine)
Legazpeñas (feminine)
Legazpians (English, occasionally)

  Income class 1st income class city
  Poverty incidence 17.98% (2015)[10]
  Revenue ₱1,500,909,095.23 (2020)
  Assets ₱3,483,889,990.13 (2020)
  Expenditure ₱1,061,891,737.86 (2020)
  Liabilities ₱629,663,600.54 (2020)
Service provider

  Electricity Albay Power and Energy Corporation (APEC)
Time zone UTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code +63(0)52
Native languages Albay Bikol
Website legazpi.gov.ph

The city is composed of two districts, Legazpi Port and the Old Albay District. Mayon Volcano, one of the Philippines’ most popular icons and tourist destinations, is partly within the city’s borders.[14]

In 2018, Legazpi was ranked first in overall competitiveness among component cities by the National Competitiveness Council.[15] The city also ranked first in infrastructure and second in economic dynamism.[16][17] In the same year, Legazpi was also named “most business-friendly city” in the component city category by the Philippine Chamber of Commerce and Industry.[18]

. . . Legazpi, Albay . . .

Miguel López de Legazpi

The city of Legazpi was named after Miguel López de Legazpi, the Basque Spanish conquistador who officially annexed the Philippine Islands to the Spanish Empire in 1565, and whose surname came from a town in Gipuzkoa, Spain.

The area that is now Albay had a thriving civilization before the Spanish arrived.[19] The Spanish explorers found densely populated settlements with an abundance of gold and provisions in the southern Bicol peninsula.[20] Ancient inhabitants practiced rice cultivation, made fine gold jewelry and possessed silk, suggesting trade with China.[20] American anthropologist Henry Otley Beyer found jars, stone tools and shells from 100 to 500 BC in Sorsogon and Albay.[21] Meanwhile, ancient burial jars and pottery were also found in Hoyop-Hoyopan Cave in Camalig.[22] Other evidences of pre-Hispanic civilization include the Mataas shell scoop, which dates back to the Late Neolithic Period, found in Cagraray Island.[23] The Mataas shell scoop was declared a National Cultural Treasure by the National Museum of the Philippines.[24]

. . . Legazpi, Albay . . .

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. . . Legazpi, Albay . . .