Iota Orionis (ι Orionis, abbreviated ι Ori) is a multiple star system in the equatorialconstellation of Orion the hunter. It is the eighth-brightest member of Orion with an apparent visual magnitude of 2.77 and also the brightest member of the asterism known as Orion’s Sword. It is a member of the NGC 1980open cluster. From parallax measurements, it is located at a distance of roughly 1,340 light-years (412 parsecs) from the Sun.
The system has three visible components designated Iota Orionis A, B and C. Iota Orionis A has also been resolved using speckle interferometry and is also a massive spectroscopic binary, with components Iota Orionis Aa1 (officially named Hatysa//), Aa2, and Ab.
ι Orionis (Latinised to Iota Orionis) is the system’s Bayer designation. The designations of the three constituents as Iota Orionis A, B and C, and those of A’s components – Iota Orionis Aa1, Aa2, and Ab – derive from the convention used by the Washington Multiplicity Catalog (WMC) for multiple star systems, and adopted by the International Astronomical Union (IAU).
The system has the traditional name Nair al Saif, from the Arabic نيرالسيفnayyir as-sayf “the Bright One of the Sword”, though this is little used. Since Bečvář‘s 1951 Atlas Coeli, it has borne the proper name Hatysa. Kunitzsch was unable to find an older source for the latter name.
In 2016, the IAU organized a Working Group on Star Names (WGSN) to catalog and standardize proper names for stars. The WGSN decided to attribute proper names to individual stars rather than entire multiple systems. It approved the name Hatysa for the component Iota Orionis Aa on 5 September 2017 and it is now so included in the List of IAU-approved Star Names.
Iota Orionis B is a variable star and in 2011 it was given the variable star designation V2451 Orionis.