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Henan

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Dec 15, 2021

Henan (河南 hé nán), Yu (豫 ) for short, is a province located in the Northern Central Region of China. It shares its borders with six other provinces, Shandong to the northeast, Hebei to the north, Shanxi to the northwest, Shaanxi to the west, Hubei to the south, and Anhui to the east. The eastern portion is flat and part of the North China Plain, one of the most densely populated areas on Earth. Indeed Henan is the most populous province in China, with almost 100 million people. The mountainous west and southwest is more remote with vast expanses of forest.

The Yellow River (mother river of the Chinese nation) runs through Henan. The province’s name is from he (river) and nan (south), though there are five prefecture-level cities located north of the Yellow River.

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Map of Henan

  North Henan (Anyang, Puyang, Hebi, Xinxiang, Jiaozuo, Jiyuan)
The part of Henan north to the Yellow River. The industrialized area of Henan.
  South Henan (Nanyang, Zhumadian, Xinyang)
The “Southern China” part in the Northern Chinese province of Henan, has a milder and rainer climate than the other part of Henan.
  West Henan (Sanmenxia, Luoyang, Pingdingshan)
Another industrialized part of Henan. Mountains bring breath-taking natural sceneries. Luoyang is one of the Eight Ancient Capitals of China.
  East Henan (Kaifeng, Shangqiu, Zhoukou)
Part of the great plain in the east part of China. The main agricultural area of Henan. Kaifeng is one of the Eight Ancient Capitals of China.
  Central Henan (Zhengzhou, Xuchang, Luohe)
Here locates the provincial capital Zhengzhou, one of the main tranportation hub of China.

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