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Frederick Augustus Smith


Dec 15, 2021

Lieutenant ColonelFrederick Augustus SmithVC (18 November 1826 – 22 July 1887) was a British Army officer and an Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

For other people with similar names, see Frederick Smith.

Frederick Augustus Smith
Born (1826-11-18)18 November 1826
Dublin, Ireland
Died 22 July 1887(1887-07-22) (aged 60)
Duleek, County Meath
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Years of service 1849–1878
Rank Lieutenant Colonel
Commands held 43rd (Monmouthshire) Regiment of Foot (1975–78)
Battles/wars Crimean War
New Zealand Wars
Awards Victoria Cross
Mentioned in Despatches

. . . Frederick Augustus Smith . . .

Born in Dublin on 18 November 1826, Smith was commissioned as an ensign into the 1st Regiment of Foot (Royal Scots) on 1 January 1849. He was promoted to lieutenant on 30 April 1852. He saw action during the Crimean War at Alma, Inkerman and Sebastopol and was promoted to captain on 30 March 1855. He later transferred to the 43rd (Monmouthshire) Regiment of Foot.[1]

Smith was 37 years old, and a captain in the 43rd (Monmouthshire) Regiment of Foot (later the Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry), during the Waikato-Hauhau Maori War in New Zealand.

The 68th (Durham) Regiment of Foot (Light Infantry) with a detachment of the 43rd commanded by Smith was deployed to attack an entrenchment held by the Māori. The following deed took place during the attack on 21 June 1864 at Tauranga for which he was awarded the VC.[2]

For his distinguished conduct during the engagement at Tauranga, on the 21st of June. He is stated to have led on his Company in the most gallant manner at the attack on the Maories’ position, and, although wounded previously to reaching the Rifle Pits, to have jumped down into them, where he commenced a hand to hand encounter with the Enemy, thereby giving his men great encouragement, and setting them a fine example.[3]

In the charge he was struck by a bullet which lodged in the upper part of his leg. He continued to lead his men and was the first man into the entrenchment. Following fierce fighting, the Māori having sustained heavy casualties were driven from their position. In the attack Smith killed one of the Māori Chiefs and took possession of his baton known as a Mere. The Chief’s family subsequently offered substantial sums of money to retrieve the Mere. After Smith’s death the Mere was eventually returned to a museum in New Zealand; a relic of the British Army’s wars in that country.

He was also mentioned in despatches.

. . . Frederick Augustus Smith . . .

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. . . Frederick Augustus Smith . . .