A fastback is an automotive styling feature, defined by the rear of the car having a single slope from the roof to the tail. The kammback is a type of fastback style.
Some models, such as the Ford Mustang, have been specifically marketed as fastbacks, often to differentiate them from other body styles (e.g. coupe models) in the same model range. The 4-door coupe is a common branding term used today to describe fastback sedans.
A fastback is often defined as having a single slope from the roof to the rear of the vehicle.
This 1974 Leyland P76
can be considered both a fastback (with a single uninterrupted slope from the roofline to the rear) and a liftback (with a tailgate hinged at the roof).
A fastback trunk lid with a fixed rear window (1965 Rambler Marlin
The term “fastback” is not interchangeable with “liftback“; the former describes the shape of the car, and the latter refers to a roof-hinged tailgate that lifts more upwards than rearwards.
More specifically, Road & Track have defined the fastback as
A closed body style, usually a coupe but sometimes a sedan, with a roof sloped gradually in an unbroken line from the windshield to the rear edge of the car. A fastback naturally lends itself to a hatchback configuration and many have it, but not all hatchbacks are fastbacks and vice versa.
In the case of the Ford Mustang, the term “fastback” is used to differentiate against the coupénotchback body style, which has a steeper rear window followed by a horizontal trunk lid.
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