The COVID-19 pandemic in Paraguay is part of the ongoing worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus was confirmed to have reached Paraguay on March 7, 2020, in a 32-year-old man from Guayaquil, Ecuador, living in San Lorenzo, Central Department.
|COVID-19 pandemic in Paraguay|
Equipment for responding to the pandemic, donated to Paraguay by the International Atomic Energy Agency
Map of departments with confirmed coronavirus cases:
|First outbreak||Wuhan, Hubei, China (global)
Guayaquil, Ecuador (local)
|Index case||Central department|
|Arrival date||7 March 2020
(1 year, 9 months and 7 days)
On March 10, 2020, the Paraguayan government suspended classes and all activities that involve groups of people, as well as public and private events, with the goal of avoiding the spread of the virus, pursuant to Decree no. 3442/2020. Other preventive measures have been adopted, such as commerce and movement restrictions, suspension of flights, border closures, curfews, and strengthening controls to ensure compliance with the measures.
On March 20, 2020, the first death and the first case of community transmission were confirmed. The government declared a total quarantine until May 3, with free movement completely restricted. Public movement was restricted to buying food, medicine and other essential items. From May 4, 2020, Paraguay implemented the so-called “Intelligent/Smart” Quarantine, a gradual return to work and social activities with social distancing and hygiene measures. However, the government decided to maintain the closure of borders and other restrictions.
Since October 5, 2020, the country moved to a new phase known as the “Covid way of living”, relaxing restrictions on most activities while maintaining an increased focus on hygiene until a vaccine or cure is found. National borders were opened and some international flights were resumed. Eventually, specific exceptions could be raised by zones or by a particular economic sector, if the circumstances require it. Online learning and nightly curfew are still in effect indefinitely.
On January 12, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on December 31, 2019.