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Empress Xiaoshencheng


Dec 14, 2021

Empress Xiaoshencheng (5 July 1792 – 16 June 1833), of the ManchuBordered Yellow Banner Tunggiya clan, was a posthumous name bestowed to the wife and first empress consort of Mianning, the Daoguang Emperor. She was Empress consort of Qing from 1822 until her death in 1833.

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Empress Xiaoshencheng
Empress consort of the Qing dynasty
Tenure 28 December 1822 – 16 June 1833
Born (1792-07-05)5 July 1792
(乾隆五十七年 五月 十七日)
Died 16 June 1833(1833-06-16) (aged 40)
(道光十三年 四月 二十九日)
Forbidden City
Mu Mausoleum, Western Qing tombs

(m. 18091833)

Issue Princess Duanmin of the First Rank
Posthumous name
Empress Xiaoshen Minsu Zheshun Heyi Chenghui Dunke Xitian Yisheng Cheng
House Tunggiya (佟佳)
Father Shuming’a (舒明阿)
Empress Xiaoshencheng
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 孝慎成皇后
Simplified Chinese 孝慎成皇后
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu Pinyin Xiàoshènchéng Huánghòu
Manchu name
Manchu script


Romanization hiyoošungga olhoba šanggan hūwangheo

. . . Empress Xiaoshencheng . . .

Empress Xiaoshencheng’s personal name was not recorded in history.

  • Father: Shuming’a (舒明阿), served as the Magistrate of Yong’an from 1771–1772 and the Magistrate of Xin’an from 1776–1777, and held the title of a first class duke (一等公)

The future Empress Xiaoshencheng was born on the 17th day of the fifth lunar month in the 57th year of the reign of the Qianlong Emperor, which translates to 5 July 1792 in the Gregorian calendar.

On 2 February 1809, Lady Tunggiya married Minning, the second son of the Jiaqing Emperor, and became his second primary consort. On 29 July 1813, she gave birth to his first daughter, Princess Duanmin of the First Rank, who would die prematurely on 7 December 1819.

The Jiaqing Emperor died on 2 September 1820 and was succeeded by Minning, who was enthroned as the Daoguang Emperor. On 28 December 1822, Lady Tunggiya, as the emperor’s primary consort, was instated as Empress. As Empress, Lady Tunggiya was placed in charge of the emperor’s harem. She died on 16 June 1833 and was interred in the Mu Mausoleum of the Western Qing tombs.

  • During the reign of the Qianlong Emperor (r. 1735–1796):
    • Lady Tunggiya (from 5 July 1792)
  • During the reign of the Jiaqing Emperor (r. 1796–1820):
    • Primary consort (嫡福晉; from 2 February 1809[1])
  • During the reign of the Daoguang Emperor (r. 1820–1850):
    • Empress (皇后; from 28 December 1822[2])
    • Empress Xiaoshen (孝慎皇后; from 7 September 1833[3])
  • During the reign of the Xianfeng Emperor (r. 1850–1861):
    • Empress Xiaoshencheng (孝慎成皇后; from 26 October 1850[4])
  • As primary consort:
    • Princess Duanmin of the First Rank (端憫固倫公主; 29 July 1813 – 7 December 1819), the Daoguang Emperor’s first daughter
  • In daily dress
  • In daily dress

. . . Empress Xiaoshencheng . . .

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. . . Empress Xiaoshencheng . . .